Reading the latest issue of the Norwegian researcher’s magazine Forskerforum, I learned about PICO as an alternative model to the often used IMRAD approach to scientific writing. To summarize:

  • IMRAD = Introduction, Method, Research and Discussion
  • PICO = Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome

It seems like PICO comes from clinical practice in medicine. Not sure if this helps music research that much, but I do like the structured approach to organising paper writing.

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Alexander Refsum Jensenius is a music researcher and research musician living in Oslo, Norway.